Horse Assisted Interventions
The assisted interventions horses are those interventions whether therapeutic, educational or entertainment. The horse is incorporated as a resource to achieve the objectives proposed for each user or group with which we work.
The final objective of these interventions is to achieve greater autonomy in patients to improve their quality of life and promote their social integration.
The horses provide multiple benefits that allow us to work simultaneously aspects of the motor, cognitive, emotional, sensory and social area. However, it is important to note that the success of the therapy is not based only on the benefits provided by the horse, but on the intervention carried out by the therapist, which will be different for each user and based on therapeutic and / or educational objectives.
For the interventions to be effective and safe, it is essential that they are designed and carried out by a health, educational or social professional, depending on the user who receives the therapy in each case. These professionals are the ones who have the basic knowledge for the treatment of the patients with whom we work and, in addition, they must have specific training in Equestrian Therapies to know how to use the horse as a resource and achieve the success of their intervention.
Within the therapies with horses, we speak of Hippotherapy to refer to a modality of physical, cognitive, and social rehabilitation aimed at people without sufficient autonomy to exercise action on the horse. The therapist, volunteer, or student is in charge of directing the horse. The patient can ride alone or with the therapist (twin riding) if they do not have sufficient postural control.
The type of work that is done with the horse will depend on the needs of the student. The therapeutic principles of the horse at the motor level (transmission of body heat, the transmission of rhythmic impulses, and transmission of a locomotion pattern equivalent to the physiological pattern of human gait),
The motivation generated in the patient by contact with the animal and the environment in which we work and the exercises proposed by the therapist through play, facilitate rehabilitation in all areas.
Therapeutic Horse Riding
The therapeutic riding a horse therapy modality aimed at people with autonomy sufficient to exert any action on the horse actively.
The patient will benefit not only from his movement but also from learning the equestrian technique, favoring autonomy, self-esteem, and integration with the rest of the patients who participate in the session.
In therapeutic riding we use the learning of riding not for sporting purposes but to work on the objectives set for each patient in different areas such as postural control, orientation in space, laterality, coordination, attention, memory, etc.
These sessions can be group or individual and seek to arrive in a way adapted to the rider’s goals: to move, control and guide the horse independently in its different gaits and to do different exercises in order to work on therapeutic objectives.
Behavior and Emotion Therapy
Aimed at children and adolescents with problems when it comes to relating, behavioral, emotional, self-control, attention deficit, hyperactivity, self-esteem …
They are interventions that are based on the experiences we acquire during the sessions through contact with the horse and the exercises that the therapist proposes to achieve the objectives set.
The sessions are based on the affective bond that is established between the child and the horse and the motivation generated in the boys by contact with the animal. People’s problems are dealt with in a metaphorical way and thus emotions, behaviors and behavior patterns that generate positive relationships are elaborated.
This will facilitate the development of appropriate social skills, attitudes of collaboration, and solidarity.
The ability to handle the horse and make it obey is a very important experience for the self-affirmation and self-esteem of any person. For this reason, a feeling of power develops and with this the will to overcome resistance and obstacles in life and to overcome oneself grows.